Tampa Chemical Supplier

Understanding Microcrystalline Cellulose

When most consumers see the term “cellulose”, they think plants, and rightly so. Microcrystalline cellulose is not as easily recognized, but is certainly utilized in many formations. The term “microcrystalline” refers to the minute crystals within the material that can only be viewed via microscopy. This alteration to standard cellulose allows microcrystalline cellulose, derived from high quality wood pulp, to meet the United States Pharmacopeia standards for distribution in medicines. As a white, free-flowing powder, it is easily added to most substances. How can your industry utilize Tampa chemical supplier Bell Chem’s microcrystalline cellulose? Read below for more information.

  • Most tablets and capsules contain a small amount of medicine within a medium of microcrystalline cellulose that allows the dosage to be degraded over time.
  • Many granulated or powdered substances have a tendency to clump together, making it difficult to pour or measure them. Microcrystalline cellulose acts as an anti-caking agent to prevent this action.
  • Microcrystalline cellulose can be used to replace fat in many foods since its texture and cellular structure are similar, thereby reducing the caloric intake in food.
  • As an emulsifier, microcrystalline cellulose combines two liquids that would normally separate over time, such as oil and water.
  • Because microcrystalline cellulose is inactive, it does not alter any foods or medicines upon its inclusion. Therefore, many companies use it as an excipient to add bulk to products.

With so many uses within the food and pharmacy industries, microcrystalline cellulose is certain to fulfill many needs. Call Tampa chemical supplier, Bell Chem, at (407) 339-2355 (BELL) to speak with a knowledgeable representative concerning microcrystalline cellulose or any of their other dietary and pharmaceutical products. Please browse the Bell Chem website for a list of chemicals in Bell Chem’s inventory and information on their uses.

Phosphoric Acid Guide

The term “phosphoric acid” may mean any number of chemicals within this acid category. However, all phosphoric acids share several characteristics: they are derived from naturally occurring phosphate minerals, are water-soluble, and appear as a white solid or a clear, viscous liquid. Otherwise, the variety of phosphoric acids and phosphates are as different as the methods in which they are used in industry. The following information will break down the different members of the phosphoric acid family and give a few functions of each. Contact Tampa chemical supplier, Bell Chem, to find which member of the phosphoric acid family is perfect for your industry.

  • Monophosphoric (orthophosphoric) acid is the simplest inorganic phosphoric acid with the chemical formula of H3PO4. Monophosphoric acid is often used as a detergent and in potable water systems where it forms a protective barrier inside pipes.
  • Polyphosphoric acid is an inorganic chain of two or more monophosphoric acids. This larger molecule is utilized in the organic synthesis of acylations and cyclizations (commonly in adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, as well as adenosine diphosphate, or ADP). Polyphosphoric acid is often found in detergents, acts as a corrosion inhibitor in potable water systems, as a compound to aid in the processing of fish and meat, in carbonated colas, and in baking powder. Its most recognized function, though, is its use in fertilizers.
  • Pyrophosphoric acid (H4P2O7) is used in detergents to control corrosion in potable water systems, and as a compound to form adenosine diphosphate, which is essential for energy use in biological organisms.
  • Metaphosphoric acids are phosphate rings or strings and often appear as salts or esters. With a loss of hydrogen, the metaphosphate that forms is a food additive and sequestrant.
  • Organic phosphates, phosphates compounded with carbon, are frequently used in biogeochemistry (ecology), as well as in biochemistry.

With its multiple uses in dentistry, orthodontics, pharmaceuticals, the medical industry, computer hardware production, and as an industrial cleaner and sanitizer, phosphoric acid belongs in every business’s inventory. Contact Tampa chemical supplier, Bell Chem, at (407) 339-2355 (BELL) to speak to a knowledgeable representative concerning phosphoric acid or any of their other chemicals. You can also browse the rest of the website for a list of chemicals in Bell Chem’s inventory and information on their uses.

Industrial Uses for Guar Gum

Guar gum is renowned for its role as a thickener, emulsifier, and stabilizer in the food industry. These uses and many others also carry over to the industry as seen in the examples below.

  • Pet food and veterinary supplements use guar gum as a thickener and gel to retain water and suspend ingredients.

  • The pharmaceutical industry utilizes guar gum in powder form as a disintegrating aid in capsulized drugs. Before it is digested, guar gum acts as a binder in capsules as well. Its disintegration speed controls the amount and timing of drugs delivered into the body.

  • In cosmetics, guar gum is added to toothpaste and other substances in similar containers for constant tube extrusion. Guar gum’s thickening ability gives creams and lotions their texture.

  • The paper industry has found guar gum gives paper a denser surface for easier printing. Its bonding strength makes the paper easier to erase and write on, and it is the substance that helps paper fold. Sheet formation is enhanced with the addition of guar gum.

  • In textiles, guar gum is used in forms as a thickener for sizing, finishing, and printing. Guar gum’s flexibility factor reduces warping and snapping, its emulsifying activity reduces dust, and production is more efficient when guar gum is added.

  • The oil industry is the main consumer of guar gum. Well fracturing, shale oil extraction and fracturing, oil well stimulation, and mud drilling are enhanced with guar gum, where it is used as a suspending agent, stabilizer, surfactant, synthetic polymer, and thickener. Guar gum minimizes power requirements by reducing friction while drilling, and maintains drilling mud viscosities to aid in removing drill waste from deep holes. Geological, water, and oil well drilling also find guar gum advantageous.

  • In mining, guar gum acts as a flocculant to separate liquids and solids.

With its myriad industrial uses, guar gum has an application for almost any corporation. Find more information by browsing the Bell Chem website, or by calling a Tampa chemical supplier agent at (407) 339-BELL (2355).

Caffeine: Its Positive and Negative Effects on Your Health

Caffeine is a stimulant used in a variety of foods, beverages, and medicines. While you may be familiar with the caffeine content in many of the products you use, such as coffee and chocolate, caffeine also lurks in pain relief medication and as a treatment for apnea. To understand how caffeine affects you, either positively or negatively, Tampa chemical supplier, Bell Chem, invites you to read below.

  • Caffeine reduces drowsiness; as such it is an active ingredient in medication to keep you awake and alert.
  • Thoughts are faster and clearer when the body ingests caffeine because it is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant: caffeine is soluble in both water and lipids and, as such, diffuses over the blood-brain barrier. Caffeine is structurally similar to adenosine, a chemical that produces a cellular response that acts as a depressant. The similarity in structure causes cells to accept caffeine as a substitute for adenosine in adenosine receptors in the CNS. The change from a depressant to a stimulant increases focus and coordination.
  • Athletes use caffeine to enhance sports performance in sprints, endurance activities, and a number of team sports. By decreasing neuronal activation thresholds, caffeine seemingly reduces an athlete’s perception of effort, thereby stimulating additional muscle recruitment. While thousands of athletes stand behind caffeine’s effects on stamina, scientists report the results are unsubstantial.
  • Premature infants are treated with caffeine for bronchopulmonary dysplasia because it relaxes the muscles within the bronchioles to increase oxygen uptake. Its use also increases weight gain in infants since it is a metabolic stimulant and reduces language and cognitive delays when used over a short period of time.
  • Overconsumption of caffeine may produce caffeine dependency, a condition highlighted by nervousness, irritability, insomnia, and headaches.
  • Caffeine’s metabolic stimulation increases respiration, which rushes more oxygen to hungry cells. While the heart rate is reduced, force of contraction within the heart, along with constriction of blood vessels, increases blood pressure.
  • Caffeine is reported to increase fat utilization by stimulating epinephrine in the bloodstream. The fat oxidized in the blood spares the glycogen stored in cells, which boosts athletic performance and acts as an aid in diabetes maintenance.

In small to average doses, caffeine keeps the body in an increased state of readiness. This state is acceptable at certain times, but an onslaught of caffeine may prove detrimental to the body’s homeostasis. Learn more about caffeine and other chemicals by browsing the rest of the website, or calling the Tampa chemical supplier experts at  (407) 339-BELL (2355).