Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is a highly caustic white solid known colloquially as lye or caustic soda. Many industries utilize sodium hydroxide to increase the alkalinity of a chemical mixture or to neutralize acids. It is best used in water, ethanol and methanol, where it is completely soluble. These simple chemical properties give it unique qualities for use in the following industries. Tampa chemical supplier, Bell Chem, explains this versatile chemical below.
- Pulp and paper use sodium hydroxide as a strong chemical base and to separate lignin from cellulose fibers.
- Sodium hydroxide is also used in soap, detergent, and drain cleaners.
- Solid sodium hydroxide in water is extremely exothermic; it generates a large proportion of heat. This reaction is helpful to catalyze many reactions.
- Drilling in the petroleum industry utilizes sodium hydroxide as an additive; it increases alkalinity in bentonite mud systems to increase mud viscosity and neutralize acid gases.
- Crude oil treated with sodium hydroxide removes sulfur impurities.
- For centuries, sodium hydroxide has been used in home soap making, known as cold process soap.
- Anhydrous sodium hydroxide catalyzes the transesterification of methanol and triglycerides in the manufacturing of biodiesel. An experimental technology to create a synthetic gasoline also uses sodium hydroxide.
- Many foods contain sodium hydroxide: olives are softened in NaOH before canning, chocolate and soft drink utilize it in their processing, it adds color to caramel, washing and chemical peeling of fruits and vegetables occurs with NaOH, it acts as a thickening agent in ice cream, and as a glaze on German pretzels to create the crispy, light crust.
- Many cleansers add sodium hydroxide to clean storage tanks and process equipment since it dissolves grease, oil, fat, and protein deposits.
- In the home, sodium hydroxide is an excellent drain cleaner since it dissolves grease and oil as well as the proteins in hair often responsible in clogging drains. The heat produced by the combination of sodium hydroxide and water catalyzes the cleansing action.
The commercial uses for sodium hydroxide are varied and important; ensure your business has sodium hydroxide on hand to clean, catalyze, treat, and exothermically react chemicals and manufacturing equipment. For more information concerning sodium hydroxide or any of our other products, call Tampa chemical supplier Bell Chem at 407-339-BELL (2355) or contact us online.
You may know sodium chloride by its common name: table salt. Derived from the evaporation of saltwater, more than 270 million tons of sodium chloride becomes the basis of thousands of industrial uses. Sodium chloride (NaCl) is most recognized for its use in the food industry as a condiment and preservative. A plethora of other manufacturing areas utilize salt as well. Jacksonville chemical supplier, Bell Chem, explains.
- Sodium chloride is used in de-icing roadways during winter storms; it interferes with the snow and ice bonding with the road surface.
- NaCl is used as a major feedstock for chemical synthesis of sodium and chlorine compounds.
- In these first two uses – de-icing and chemical synthesis –250 megatons of sodium chloride are usurped annually.
- Processing sodium chloride creates sodium carbonate and calcium chloride. Sodium carbonate is the component in manufacturing glass, dyes, and sodium bicarbonate.
- The exploration of gas and oil relies on sodium chloride as a drilling fluid component as well as a flocculant.
- Sodium chloride increases concrete curing in cemented casings.
- Many highways are constructed on a foundation of sodium chloride and soil since NaCl secures the soil and provides firmness to the foundation.
- Sodium chloride standardizes dyes by blending with concentrated dyes and is also used as a brine rinse to separate organic contaminants.
- Chlorine dioxide, which is chemically derived from sodium chlorate and sulfuric acid, is a chlorine alternative for bleaching that is gaining popularity because it is more environmentally friendly.
- Sodium chloride bleaches wood pulp.
- Many metals, including aluminum, beryllium, copper, steel, and vanadium, use NaCl in processing.
- NaCl inhibits microbial activity while treating and tanning leather and pulls moisture into the animal hide.
- Sodium chloride acts as a coagulant in the manufacture of rubber.
- In water softening, sodium chloride inhibits saponification by acting as an ion exchange resin to remove calcium and magnesium ions.
- Foods can be preserved with sodium chloride because microorganisms cannot live in its extreme saline environment.
Sodium chloride has uses well beyond the food industry. Find out more about NaCl and other chemicals by browsing our website or call 407-339-BELL (2355) to speak with one of our knowledgeable Jacksonville chemical supplier professionals.
When potassium bicarbonate and a solution of citric acid are combined, an effervescent action occurs due to an acid/base reaction. The resulting salt that forms when the acid and base are evaporated is potassium citrate. This salt has proven quite valuable to the medical industry; doctors have been treating patients with kidney stones for years with a supplement of potassium citrate. Tampa chemical supplier, Bell Chem, explains why potassium citrate is the prescription of choice for patients with kidney stones and other urinary tract disorders.
- Patients who suffer from kidney stones often take thiazide to manage kidney stones. The thiazide depletes the body of potassium; potassium citrate replaces this lost mineral.
- Patients whose urine is highly acidic experience intense pain when urinating. Potassium citrate neutralizes the acid content in urine, thereby relieving much of the discomfort while reducing the frequency of urination.
- Uric acid and cysteine are prevalent in the human body.Too much of either can lead to kidney stones (urinary calculi), uric acid, cysteine, or calcium stones. A regimen containing potassium citrate regulates acidity and keeps the body in homeostasis. In a recent study, the use of potassium citrate reduced the amount of kidney stones by 75%; this supplement attaches to calcium and keeps individual crystals from adhering to each other and forming painfully large mineral crystals.
- Calcium stones are formed when too little citrate is in the urine. Potassium citrate prevents this occurrence.
- In patients who are chronically hypokalemic, potassium citrate is administered to treat and manage gout and heart arrhythmias.
- Cystitis (urinary tract infection) may be treated with potassium citrate, at which time it acts as an alkalizing agent.
For the prevention of kidney stones and other urinary tract related disorders, the administration of potassium citrate may relieve or prevent all these disorders. For questions about potassium citrate, or any of our other products, call Tampa chemical supplier Bell Chem at 407-339-BELL (2355) or you can contact us online.
When consumers think of menthol, a cool, refreshing feeling of fresh mint immediately comes to mind, and with good reason: menthol is a derivative of corn mint (Mentha arvensis) or other various mint plants. It causes the skin to react in much the same manner as capsaicin, except cold receptors are activated rather than heat receptors. Since neither menthol nor capsaicin physically changes the temperature of the area they touch, they can be used in ice or hot packs, or together in products such as Icy Hot. Beauty care chemical supplier, Bell Chem, explains this versatile chemical:
- Menthol crystallizes at -22°C; the new product is known as menthol crystals. These crystals readily dissolve in alcohol or water. Because they have been concentrated, only a minute amount of menthol crystals are necessary for most applications.
- Menthol crystals activate kappa-opioid receptors in the body, and thereby act as an analgesic, a substance that relieves pain. Voltage-sensitive sodium channels also react to menthol; menthol crystals reduce neural activity by raising the action potential in a neuron. Muscles move less frequently and experience less pain, which is why it is often used as an antispasmodic during surgical procedures involving smooth muscles.
- Menthol crystals are an ingredient in many cosmetics because of their soothing coolness and brisk, refreshing smell. They are found in toothpaste and mouthwash to combat hallitosis, shampoo and conditioner promoting “natural ingredients”, perfumes with a rose fragrance since it enhances that specific floral odor, and shaving cream to alleviate razor burn.
- The medicinal properties of menthol crystals place it among analgesics and antipruritics in pharmaceutical products. Salves, lip balms, medicated creams, sore throat sprays and lozenges, decongestants, liniments, compresses, cooling gels and medicated oils all contain menthol crystals.
Call the beauty care chemical supplier professionals at Bell Chem at (407) 339-2355 (BELL) to learn more about menthol crystals or any of our wide variety of chemicals for health, the home, or industrial use. You can contact us online.
How often do you hear of a chemical that acts as an antifreeze, can be used to create polymers in the plastics industry, yet is safe enough to be used in food? Propylene glycol meets all those requirements and can be used in these capacities as well as dozens of others. Industrial chemical supplier, Bell Chem, discusses its uses:
- Propylene glycol absorbs water to maintain a correct moisture balance in medicines, cosmetics and food products.
- When mixed with water, propylene glycol is utilized in the entertainment industry and for fire training exercises; as the ingredients added to a fog machine, the vaporization of this mixture is emitted as a dense fog. This same phenomenon works at home: propylene glycol is also used in home vaporizers.
- In paints and plastics, propylene glycol is the choice for synthetic resins. In fact, a whopping 45% of propylene glycol produced is used as chemical feedstock in the production of unsaturated polyester resins.
- Food colors and flavors have a propylene glycol base; it is almost completely odorless and tasteless and adds viscosity to products.
- Electronic cigarettes utilize propylene glycol as its “e-liquid” with vegetable glycerin.
- The pharmaceutical industry relies on propylene glycol as a solvent for many water insoluble oral, injectable, and topical drugs.
- Ethylene glycol was the antifreeze of choice years ago, but this deadly concoction proved to be enticing for animals to consume. Propylene glycol is much safer for animals and consumers as a de-icing fluid.
- Veterinarians find propylene glycol helpful in the oral treatment of hyperketonaemia in animals with a rumen.
- The food industry adds propylene glycol to liquid sweeteners, ice cream, soda, whipped cream, and coffee-based beverages.
Learn more about this multifaceted chemical by calling industrial chemical supplier Bell Chem at (407) 339-BELL (2355) and speaking with one of our knowledgeable representatives. You can also contact us online.
Calcium lactate, chemically known as C6H10CaO6, is a derivative of the chemical reaction of lactic acid on calcium carbonate. While it may appear as either a black or white crystalline salt, it is more commonly utilized in its white form. Orlando chemical supplier, Bell Chem, has a review on how calcium lactate complements the body’s many functions.
- Calcium lactate supports calcium and magnesium absorption.
- Magnesium is a necessary component for over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body, including energy metabolism, DNA synthesis, and transporting calcium and potassium across cell membranes.
- Calcium channels are present on almost every cell of the body. Calcium in the form of calcium lactate keeps cell membrane permeability in balance and maintains cell membranes in general.
- In the body, calcium maintains many of the body’s vital functions. Nerves, cells, muscles, and bones rely on calcium to perform their everyday tasks. Without an ample supply of calcium in the blood, it is leached from the bone’s reserves, leading to low bone density.
- In nerves, calcium acts as a positive ion to increase the likelihood of an action potential to move information from one nerve cell to the next. A lack of calcium will deter signals from transmitting from the brain throughout the body.
- Sugar-free foods often contain acids that cause dental erosion, which slowly decalcifies the teeth. When added to sugar-free gum and candy, calcium crystals remineralize tooth enamel, thereby negating the effects of the acid.
- Blood needs calcium to coagulate, and the blood vessels require calcium for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
- Calcium lactate supports the body’s immune system.
- With the ability to act under a wide range of pH conditions, calcium lactate can be taken orally without food or water.
For those who suffer any calcium deficiencies, either short-term (during pregnancy) or long-term (osteoporosis or osteomalacia), calcium lactate may mean the difference between being alive and living well. Contact our Orlando chemical supplier experts at Bell Chem to learn more about calcium lactate or our other health, beauty, and industrial chemicals. You can contact us online, or call us at (407) 339-BELL (2355).
Ascorbic acid is a singular component of vitamin C. In fact, it surrounds the other components that create the entire vitamin C complex. Science has been able to synthesize this portion of vitamin C and use its properties in many non-food industries. Water treatment chemical supplier, Bell Chem, has complied a sample of how ascorbic acid is utilized industrially.
Ascorbic acid acts as a preservative and reductant during photographic development.
Swimming pool companies use ascorbic acid to remove dissolved metal stains, namely iron, from the sides of pools. Because it is an acid, it has the ability to lower the pH of pool water and stabilize the other chemicals.
Iodine is another metal that ascorbic acid negates, so it is routinely added to water purification systems to remove the taste, smell, and color of iodine in sterilized water.
Microscopists working with fluorescent microscopy find ascorbic acid’s antioxidant ability increases the fluorescent signaling and reduces dye photobleaching in slide preparation.
Ascorbic acid catalyzes the assembly of molecular chains in plastic manufacturing.
Recent pharmaceutical trials of topical ascorbic acid have proved it reduces the appearance of fine lines and age spots significantly. A double-blind trial had a remarkable 73.7% success rate with participants who applied an ascorbic acid solution to one side of their face and a placebo on the opposite side. Both clinicians and patients noted the improvement.
Take a second look at ascorbic acid – it’s not just for food preservation any more. Water treatment chemical supplier Bell Chem’s knowledgeable representatives would be glad to answer your questions regarding ascorbic acid, or any of their other chemicals. Call today at (407) 339-2355 (BELL) or browse our website.
Maltodextrin appears on the labels of many foods, from sugar substitutes to sodas. Why is it on the labels, and what role does it play in the food and beverage industries and pharmaceuticals? Nutritional chemical supplier, Bell Chem, has complied some of the uses of this versatile chemical:
Maltodextrin is produced via hydrolysis from starches, such as potatoes, corn, wheat, or barley.
Maltodextrin is a complex carbohydrate, meaning it combines multiple simple sugars to build a lengthy chain of carbohydrates. Sugars and carbohydrates are closely related, and maltodextrin is complex enough to be classified as a carbohydrate on a food label, while maintaining the dextrose equivalent (DE) rating of 3 to 20.
The DE rating pertains to sweetness, length of glucose chains, solubility, and heat resistance. Below DE 10, substances are considered dextrins. Dextrins have long glucose chains, low sweetness values, low solubility, and high heat resistance.
Because it is an expedient source of energy, maltodextrin is regularly used by bodybuilders and endurance athletes to quickly rush energy to hungry cells.
In the beer industry, maltodextrin is added while beer is aging to increase the specific gravity of the final product without changing the alcohol content or flavor of the beverage. Maltodextrin also improves beer’s “mouthfeel”, retains the frothy head consumers appreciate, and reduces drink dryness.
The most common use of maltodextrin is as a food thickener, where it adds volume and texture to oatmeal, sauces, and salad dressings, for example, while increasing their overall appearance.
Sugar substitutes are not measured 1:1 with traditional table sugar. To keep consumers from adding too much sugar substitute, which is generally much sweeter than sucrose at a greatly reduced volume, maltodextrin is added, giving sugar substitutes more bulk to equalize their use to sugar.
Much like in the food industry, in pharmaceuticals, maltodextrin acts as a filler. Capsules often contain maltodextrin since it neither adds nor detracts from the medicinal content while stabilizing the drugs.
Call Bell Chem (407) 339-BELL (2355) to learn more about maltodextrin or any of the other chemicals we sell, or browse our website.
It seems every so often a miracle cure is discovered that heals the body or prevents disease or distress. Typically, science proves the cure to be a farce, at least for the most part. D-limonene does not fit this criterion. Scientists have tested d-limonene on rats and humans, and the success of their studies is overwhelmingly positive. Read below for a synopsis of only a few health benefits of d-limonene.
Derived from the rind of citrus fruits, d-limonene is a prevalent terpene. Terpenes are potent antioxidants, have anti-inflammatory properties, help control or prevent cancer, and curb appetite. All plants synthesize terpenes, which act as a natural resistance against physical and environmental stress, as well as insect defense. Since people eat plants, the terpenes enter our bodies and interact with NF-kappaB, the gene signal regulating immunity and cellular inflammation, thereby supporting the body’s normal defense systems against invasive pathogens.
As a solvent for cholesterol, d-limonene dissolves gallstones that contain cholesterol.
Sluggish bowels are often caused by abundant amounts of Candida albicans or other harmful pathogens, which produce toxic waste metabolites. D-limonene neutralizes these pathogens with its natural antibacterial and antifungal properties. Within the stomach, d-limonene also neutralizes gastric acid to support normal peristalsis, and relieves heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) in the stomach and esophagus.
The liver is a powerful detoxification center in the body. D-limonene aids the liver’s Phase I and Phase II detoxification enzymes in their important role of cleansing the body of harmful chemicals and fat.
As an aid to the lymphatic system, d-limonene breaks down fat-soluble barriers that cause headaches, mucus buildup, and joint stiffness.
Breathing in the pure aroma of citrus, where d-limonene originates, has been proven to elevate hormone levels to reduce anxiety and calm allergic reactions.
In clinical trials involving diabetic rats, d-limonene improved all major antioxidant enzymes. Further studies found animals given d-limonene reduced their food intake and body weight, had lower blood cholesterol levels, and prevented the buildup of fat in the liver and elsewhere in the body.
D-limonene activates adenosine A(2A) receptors on cell membranes, which, in turn, triggers dopamine transmission. When A(2A) receptors are not activated, a hyperimmune response results, like allergic reactions, or other fallacies of the nervous system may occur, such as anxiety or insomnia.
For more information on d-limonene, or other chemicals, call Orlando chemical supplier, Bell Chem, at (407) 339-BELL, or browse the website. Bell Chem is proud to be a leader in the chemical supply industry.
Orlando chemical supplier, Bell Chem, knows that isopropyl alcohol 99% has proven itself as a disinfectant, but did you know that its uses exceed these humble beginnings as a cleaning product with dozens of uses? Here is a list of its other uses:
Candles: Many special occasions are the perfect opportunity to bring out festive candles. The times in between the festivities are not so good for the candles, however, and the waxy dust that accumulates is alleviated with a bit of isopropyl alcohol – spray it on and the candles shine like new.
Countertops: Along with eliminating germs, it removes streaks and spots water leaves behind on granite or laminate countertops or floor tiles.
De-greaser: Have a vent or burner on your stove with caked-on grease? Remove the grease with a splash of isopropyl alcohol 99%.
Dry-erase Boards: Finally, something that removes marks that even dry-erase markers leave behind.
Electronics: Gently wipe isopropyl alcohol 99% over keyboards, cellular phones, headphones, or many other electronic devices to remove ground-in debris. The added power of disinfectant keeps you healthier by significantly decreasing germs.
Glass and Mirrors: Isopropyl alcohol 99% removes the patina from aged mirrors and glass. Dab a little on a soft cloth to bring back the mirror’s original sheen. Car windows doused with a mix of isopropyl alcohol 99% and water remain frost-free during winter months, and if you forget to wash the windows with the alcohol/water mix, simply pour isopropyl alcohol 99% onto the windshield to immediately remove even the heaviest frost.
Gummy Residue Remover: Isopropyl alcohol 99% removes most bandage, sticky tape or sticker residue.
Ink Remover: Use isopropyl alcohol on carpets or clothing to blot fresh permanent marker or ink stains, or soak for standing marker or ink stains.
Metal: Shine any metal surface, knobs, light fixtures, handles, fixtures, jewelry, etc, with a soft cloth dabbed with isopropyl alcohol 99%.
Contact Orlando chemical supplier, Bell Chem, to order isopropyl alcohol 99% for your company. Our representatives are available to answer your questions concerning isopropyl alcohol 99% or any of our other products. Call 407-339-BELL (2355) for more information.